Issues & Answers

KORUS FTA TRADE FIGURES

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2012-2015 Trade Statistics of KORUS FTA

General Overview (Korea Customs Service)

Since implementation of the KORUS FTA, the U.S. export and import growth rates with Korea, on products for which the FTA reduced tariffs, are greater, showing the benefits of the KORUS FTA.

  • Both U.S. exports to Korea and U.S. imports from Korea increased for FTA beneficiary items, while the opposite trend was observed for FTA non-beneficiary items.

Trade in Goods

Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreement beneficiary items contribute to expanding and balancing bilateral trade.

2015 

U.S. Exports to Korea

$44.0 billion (-2.8%)*

FTA Beneficiary Items

$25.1 billion (+1.1%)*

FTA Non-beneficiary Items

$19.0 billion (-7.5%)*

Korea Exports to the U.S.

$69.8 billion (-0.6%)*

FTA Beneficiary items

$24.8 billion (-0.1%)*

FTA Non-beneficiary items

$45.0 billion (-0.9%)*

Korea-U.S. Total Trade Volume

$113.8 billion* 

 

2014 

U.S. Exports to Korea

$45.3 billion (+9.1%)*

FTA Beneficiary Items

$24.7 billion (+9%)*

FTA Non-beneficiary Items

$20.6 billion (+9.1%)*

Korea Exports to the U.S.

$70.3 billion (+13.3%)*

FTA Beneficiary items

$24.9 billion (+4.3%)*

FTA Non-beneficiary items

$45.4 billion (+19%)*

Korea-U.S. Total Trade Volume

$114.1 billion*

 

2013 

U.S. Exports to Korea

$41.5 billion (-4.2%)*

FTA Beneficiary Items

$22.6 billion (+6.9%)*

FTA Non-beneficiary Items

$18.9 billion (-14.9%)*

Korea Exports to the U.S.

$62.1 billion (+6.0%)*

FTA Beneficiary items

$24.2 billion (+6.2%)*

FTA Non-beneficiary items

$37.9 billion (+5.9%)*

Korea-U.S. Total Trade Volume

$103.6 billion (+1.8%)*

 

March - December 2012 

U.S. Exports to Korea

$35.5 billion (-7.7%)*

FTA Beneficiary Items

$17.8 billion (+1.8%)*

FTA Non-beneficiary Items

$17.7 billion (-15.7%)*

Korea Exports to the U.S.

$48.8 billion (+1.1%)*

FTA Beneficiary items

$19.4 billion (+9.8%)*

FTA Non-beneficiary items

$29.4 billion (-4.0%)*

Korea-U.S. Total Trade Volume

$84.3 billion (-2.8%)*

*Year-on-year percent changes shown in parentheses

 

Top Export Beneficiary Items (U.S. to Korea): 2015
CommodityPre-KORUS Tariff Elimination ScheduleGrowth Between 2011 and 2015Exports to Korea (2015)
Machines for manufacturing semiconductor devices 8% eliminated immediately or over 10 years +25.1% $1.9 billion
Motor cars & vehicles for transporting persons 8% eliminated over 5 years +206.6% $1.3 billion
Medicaments  8% eliminated immediately or over 3 years +52.9% $599 million
Frozen pork 25% eliminated over 3 years +11.9% $388.2 million
Frozen beef (bone-in) 40% eliminated over 15 years +36.3% $290.3 million
Food preparations 8%, 30% or 754.3% being eliminated immediately or over 10 years +35.1% $290.1 million
Whole hides & skins (bovine/equine) 2% or 5% eliminated immediately or over 10 years +31.3% $237.1 million
Beauty & skin care preparation 6.5% eliminated immediately or over 10 years +26.2% $201.7 million
Almonds (shelled and in shell) 8% eliminated immediately +141.4% $179.8 million
Fresh cheese (e.g. mozzarella, cream cheese) 36% eliminated over 15 years
(0% tariff applied for quantity less than 7,000t)
+398.5% $147.2 million

 

 
U.S. Automobile Exports to Korea (including passenger motor vehicles, buses, trucks, and tractors)
20082009201020112012201320142015
8,122
(+6.3%)*
6,852
(-15.6%)*
13,357
(+94.9%)*
13,669
(+2.3%)*
28,361
(+107.5%)*
31,654
(+11.6%)*
34,334
(+8.5%)*
49,096
(+43.0%)

Note: denotes number of automobiles exported to Korea
*Year-on-year percent changes shown in parentheses

 

Top Trading Partners

Since the KORUS FTA, both the United States and Korea have moved up in trading partner rankings.

Korea's Top Trading Partners
Trading Partner Rank20112012201320142015
1 China
$220.6 billion
China
$215.1 billion
China
$228.9 billion
China
$235.4 billion
China
$227.4 billion
2 Japan
$108 billion
Japan
$103.2 billion
E.U.
$105.1 billion
U.S.
$115.6 billion
 U.S.
$113.9 billion
3 E.U.
$103.2 billion
U.S.
$101.9 billion
U.S.
$103.5 billion
E.U.
$114.1 billion
 E.U.
$105.3 billion
4 U.S.
$100.8 billion
E.U.
$99.7 billion
Japan
$94.7 billion
Japan
$89.0 billion
 Japan
$71.4 billion

 

United States' Top Trading Partners
Trading Partner Rank20112012201320142015
1 Canada
$597.4 billion
Canada
$616.7 billion
Canada
$633.3 billion
Canada
$660.2 billion
China
$598.1 billion
2 China
$502.3 billion
China
$536.2 billion
China
$562.2 billion
China
$590.4 billion
 Canada
$575.2 billion
3 Mexico
$460.6 billion
Mexico
$494 billion
Mexico
$506.6 billion
Mexico
$534.3 billion
 Mexico
$531.1 billion
4 Japan
$195 billion
Japan
$216.4 billion
Japan
$203.8 billion
Japan
$200.8 billion
 Japan
$193.6 billion
5 Germany
$147.5 billion
Germany
$157.3 billion
Germany
$161.7 billion
Germany
$172.6 billion
 Germany
$174.1 billion
6 U.K.
$107.1 billion
U.K.
$109.8 billion
Korea
$104.1 billion
Korea
$114.0 billion
 Korea
$115.3 billion
7 Korea
$100.1 billion
Korea
$101.2 billion
U.K.
$100.2 billion
U.K.
$108.2 billion
 U.K.
$114.2 billion

 

Trade in Services

The U.S. services trade surplus to Korea continues to expand, growing at a rate of approximately 14% on average in recent years.

Trade in Services201020112012201320142015

U.S. Exports to Korea

15,451 16,664 17,986 20,904 20,727 22,420

Korea Exports to U.S.

9,334 9,735 10,424 10,756 10,355 11,096

Total Trade in Services

24,785 26,399 28,410 31,660 31,082 33,516

Balance on Services

6,117 6,929 7,562 10,148 10,371 11,324

Unit: Million USD

U.S. - Korea Crossborder Investment

The United States has been the top destination for Korea's Foreign Direct Investment (FDI).

Foreign Direct Investment2015Cumulative Total (1968-2015)

U.S. to Korea

$5.5 billion $62.4 billion

Korea to U.S.

$10.4 billion $89.9 billion

Note: All investment figures are on a “notification basis as reported.”

 

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